All surface disinfectants, i.e. antimicrobials, sold in the United States are regulated under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) because antimicrobials are in fact pesticides. Under FIFRA, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for regulating, reviewing, and approving all efficacy data requirements for use of disinfectants. In this way, consumers can rely on all label claims made by manufacturers.
Under FIFRA, it is illegal to make claims of disinfection efficacy not specifically supported by the product label. All products legally sold in the U.S. must provide valid efficacy data for each specific microorganism claim, to be included on the product’s EPA-registered label.
Dental offices must use products that are EPA-registered and are appropriate for use in dental facilities.